Download The new psychology of language: cognitive and functional by Michael Tomasello PDF
By Michael Tomasello
This publication, which gathers in a single position the theories of 10 top cognitive and useful linguists, represents a brand new method which may outline the subsequent period within the heritage of psychology: It gives you to offer psychologists a brand new appreciation of what this number of linguistics can provide their examine of language and communique. additionally, it offers cognitive-functional linguists new versions for offering their paintings to audiences open air the limits of conventional linguistics. hence, it serves as a good textual content for classes in psycholinguistics, and attract scholars and researchers in cognitive technological know-how and sensible linguistics.
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Additional info for The new psychology of language: cognitive and functional approaches to language structure, Volume 1
Talmy, 1988). This does not distinguish them sharply from lexical items, because the latter vary widely along the dimension of specificity. There is rather a gradation, such that the more schematic an element is semantically, the more likely it is to be regarded by linguists as grammatical rather than lexical. Numerous aspects of construal reflect a very general ability to conceive of one structure against the background provided by another. One kind of background consists of assumptions, expectations, and presuppositions, which expressions evoke with varying degrees of explicitness and specificity.
The basic vision of cognitive semantics is radically different. Rather than imposing artificial boundaries, it posits a gradation between semantics and pragmatics, and also between linguistic and general knowledge. It views expressions as evoking (rather than containing) meanings, which emerge via an elaborate process of meaning construction drawing on all available resources linguistic, psychological, and contextual. Even at the lexical level, meanings are variable and malleable. The encyclopedic approach (Haiman, 1980; Langacker, 1987a; cf.
Following this is a discussion of how cognitive grammar handles some basic problems of grammatical description. Finally, as a case study, an attempt is made to justify (or at least render plausible) a conceptual characterization of the grammatical notions subject and object. The supposed impossibility of such a characterization is of course a central argument for the autonomy of syntax. Page 3 2. Semantics Views of grammar are critically dependent on assumptions made about semantics. In particular, the autonomy of grammar appears self-evident given the prevalent assumption that meanings consist of truth conditions.