Download Textbook of Anatomy Head, Neck, and Brain. by Vishram Singh PDF

By Vishram Singh

The top is the globular cranial finish of the physique, which includes mind and precise experience organs, viz. eyes for imaginative and prescient, ears for listening to and equilibrium, nostril for odor, and tongue for style. It additionally presents openings for the respiration and digestive structures. Structurally and developmentally, the pinnacle is split into components: skull and face. The skull (also often called braincase) comprises the mind. The face possesses openings of eyes, nostril, and mouth. a bit description of comparative anatomy makes the excellence among the dimensions of skull and face more uncomplicated to appreciate.

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Additional resources for Textbook of Anatomy Head, Neck, and Brain.

Example text

Vein connecting inferior ophthalmic vein with pterygoid venous plexus. Infraorbital Foramen Present on the anterior aspect of maxilla, below the infraorbital margin and transmits: 1. Infraorbital nerve: continuation of maxillary nerve. 2. Infraorbital artery: continuation of maxillary artery. 3. Infraorbital vein. Zygomatico-orbital Foramen Present on the orbital surface of zygomatic bone and transmits zygomatic branch of the maxillary nerve. Mental Foramen Present on the external aspect of body of mandible below the interval between premolar teeth and transmits: 1.

Features in the middle part are as follows: 1. The median area: It presents – (a) Posterior border of vomer: The two posterior nasal apertures (choanae) are separated by the posterior border of vomer. (b) Broad bar of bone: It is formed by the fusion of the body of sphenoid and basilar part of the occipital bone. It is marked in the median plane by pharyngeal tubercle, a little in front of foramen magnum. 2. The lateral area: It presents – (a) Pterygoid process: This process projects downwards from the junction between the body and greater wing of sphenoid behind last molar tooth.

Gnathion: the midpoint of the chin at lower border of the mandible. 2. Prosthion: lowest point on the upper jaw between the central incisors. 3. Acanthion: anterior nasal spine. 4. Nasion: junction of nasal and frontal bones. 5. Glabella: midpoint at the level of superciliary arches. 6. Bregma: junction of coronal and sagittal sutures. 7. Lambda: junction of sagittal and lambdoid sutures. 8. Opisthocranion (occipital point): the most posteriorly projecting point on the occipital bone. 9. Inion: tip of external occipital protuberance.

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