Download Geometry and Quantum Physics: Proceeding of the 38. by Anton Alekseev (auth.), H. Gausterer, L. Pittner, Harald PDF

By Anton Alekseev (auth.), H. Gausterer, L. Pittner, Harald Grosse (eds.)

In glossy mathematical physics, classical including quantum, geometrical and useful analytic equipment are used concurrently. Non-commutative geometry specifically is turning into a great tool in quantum box theories. This ebook, aimed toward complex scholars and researchers, offers an advent to those rules. Researchers will profit fairly from the huge survey articles on types in terms of quantum gravity, string conception, and non-commutative geometry, in addition to Connes' method of the traditional model.

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Read or Download Geometry and Quantum Physics: Proceeding of the 38. Internationale Universitätswochen für Kern- und Teilchenphysik, Schladming, Austria, January 9–16, 1999 PDF

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Additional resources for Geometry and Quantum Physics: Proceeding of the 38. Internationale Universitätswochen für Kern- und Teilchenphysik, Schladming, Austria, January 9–16, 1999

Example text

We can think of these vectors as elements of so(3)∗ , which has a Poisson structure familiar from the quantum mechanics of angular momentum: {J a , J b } = abc J c. The space of 4-tuples (E1 , . . , E4 ) thus becomes a Poisson manifold. However, a 4-tuple coming from a tetrahedron must satisfy the constraint E1 + · · · + E4 = 0. This constraint is the discrete analogue of the Gauss law dA E = 0. In particular, it generates rotations, so if we take (so(3)∗ )4 and do Poisson reduction with respect to this constraint, we obtain a phase space whose points correspond to tetrahedron geometries modulo rotations.

These are called ‘reducible’ connections. A more careful definition of the physical phase space would have to take these points into account. 2. The space A0 /G is called the ‘moduli space of flat connections on P |S ’. We can understand it better as follows. Since the holonomy of a flat connection around a loop does not change when we apply a homotopy to the loop, a connection A ∈ A0 determines a homomorphism from the fundamental group π1 (S) to G after we trivialize P at the basepoint p ∈ S that we use to define the fundamental group.

In ordinary quantum field theory we calculate path integrals using Feynman diagrams. Copying this idea, in loop quantum gravity we may try to calculate path integrals using ‘spin foams’, which are a 2-dimensional analogue of Feynman diagrams. In general, spin networks are graphs with edges labeled by group representations and vertices labeled by intertwining operators. These reduce to Penrose’s original spin networks when the group is SU(2) and the graph is trivalent. Similarly, a spin foam is a 2-dimensional complex built from vertices, edges and polygonal faces, with the faces labeled by group representations and the edges labeled by intertwining operators.

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