Download Ending Civil War: Rhodesia and Lebanon in Perspective by Matthew Preston PDF

By Matthew Preston

Rejecting ways that emphasize economics or ethnicity, this research of the wars in Rhodesia and Lebanon units out the complicated political dynamic--within and among belligerents, civilian populations and neighboring states--that finally introduced every one to an finish. peculiarly, it demonstrates the robustness of neighborhood agendas in civil wars and the problems outsiders face in brokering settlements. With intervention in "failed states" so excessive up the foreign time table, the message is person who students and policy-makers can in poor health find the money for to disregard.

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Additional resources for Ending Civil War: Rhodesia and Lebanon in Perspective (International Library of War Studies)

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64 Yet an agreement was signed. Moreover, once signed, it successfully set the basis for peace in Rhodesia and the advent of Zimbabwe. How should the Lancaster House agreement be analysed? Who won and who lost? 65 Certainly, it offered the guerrillas more than any previous peace deal either proposed or accepted by Ian Smith and the Rhodesian Front. Unlike the Internal Settlement, the Lancaster House agreement provided for majority control not only over the legislature but also over the organs of government.

For where the constitution, at least in theory, established how the new rulers would rule, the transitional and cease-fire arrangements threatened to determine who those rulers would be. In the event, the signed agreement (again tallying very closely with Lord Carrington’s proposals at the outset of the respective stages of the negotiations) left that question remarkably open. The transition proposals provided that government would be exercised in the nine-week transitional period before multi-party elections by a British governor with full legislative and executive power.

Article 95 of the Constitution was amended to provide that civil service positions were to be distributed so that each community was proportionally represented, and seats in parliament were distributed six to five in favour of the Christian community, reflecting their slight numerical advantage among the wider population. 75 In broad-brush terms, when war erupted in 1975 the Lebanese Christian community sought to defend their privileges under this system, while Muslim groups wanted the existing arrangements amended to give them greater influence and to bring Lebanon closer 28 ENDING CIVIL WAR into line with her Arab neighbours, in particular with either the Palestinians or Syria.

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