Download Distinctiveness and Memory by R. Reed Hunt, James B. Worthen PDF

By R. Reed Hunt, James B. Worthen

Study correct to the subject of specialty and reminiscence dates again over a hundred years and boasts a literature of good over 2,000 released articles. all through this heritage, quite a few theories of forte and reminiscence were provided and accordingly subtle. There has, even though, by no means been a booklet that brings this wealthy background including the most recent study. This quantity is the 1st to give an old evaluate, the result of the present learn, and a number of other new theories on strong point and reminiscence. every one bankruptcy incorporates a overview of the proper literature and newest study on its subject. The e-book comprises sections that disguise easy conception and behavioral learn on specialty, bizarreness results, specialty results on implicit reminiscence, the improvement of forte around the lifespan, uniqueness in social context, and the neuroscience of uniqueness and reminiscence. within the concluding bankruptcy, Fergus Craik deals his present point of view on strong point and evaluates a number of the different theories of forte awarded within the quantity. Distinctiveness and Memory should be a worthy source for pupil researchers in neuroscience and cognitive, developmental, and social psychology.

Show description

Read Online or Download Distinctiveness and Memory PDF

Similar cognitive psychology books

A Mind of Its Own: How Your Brain Distorts and Deceives

The brain's energy is proven and touted each day in new reports and learn. And but we have a tendency to take our brains with no consideration, with no suspecting that these lots of hard-working neurons would possibly not constantly be operating for us. Cordelia fantastic introduces us to a mind we'd now not are looking to meet, a mind with a brain of its personal.

The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension: Eyetracking, ERPs and Beyond

This booklet addresses very important findings, assumptions, difficulties, hopes, and destiny instructions at the use of complicated learn concepts to check the moment-by-moment psychological approaches that ensue whereas a reader or listener is knowing language. The middle suggestions are eye monitoring and ERPs, with a few extensions to others corresponding to fMRI.

Influencing Others: A Handbook of Persuasive Strategies (Crisp Fifty-Minute Series)

Impression others extra successfully via written and verbal verbal exchange.

The neuroscience of language

The Neuroscience of Language places forth the 1st systematic version of language to bridge the space among linguistics and neuroscience. Neuronal versions of note and serial order processing are offered within the kind of a computational, connectionist neural community. The linguistic emphasis is on phrases and easy syntactic ideas.

Extra info for Distinctiveness and Memory

Sample text

Calkins, M. W. (1896). Association: An essay analytic and experimental. Psychological Monographs, 1, 1–56. Cleary, A. , & Greene, R. L. (2002). Paradoxical effects of presentation modality on false memory. Memory, 10, 55–61. Cooper, E. , & Pantle, A. J. (1967). The total-time hypothesis in verbal learning. Psychological Bulletin, 68, 221–243. Craik, F. I. , & Lockhart, R. S. (1972). Levels of processing: A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 11, 671–684.

The net effect of similarity, therefore, will depend on a trade-off between ease of access along the list and within-list dimensions (also see Hunt, Chapter 1 this volume). 50 when the items are distinct. If the list representation is easily available, as in the typical immediate memory context, similarity should impair performance. 40 when the lists contain unrelated items. 20 The point here is that the mnemonic effect of similarity, induced either by relational processing or by inherent item characteristics, will depend on the discrimination problem facing the individual.

However, some variables associated with list presentation are now known to reduce 18 BASIC ISSUES false memory for the critical nonpresented item. Smith and Hunt (1998) discovered that visual presentation of the study list leads to fewer false responses to the critical item in both recognition and recall than does auditory presentation of the study list, a result now replicated several times (Cleary & Greene, 2002; Gallo, McDermott, Percer, & Roediger, 2001; Kellogg, 2001). This result was interpreted as an effect of distinctive processing.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.34 of 5 – based on 47 votes