Download Customs Modernization Handbook by Wulf L. D., Sokol J. B. PDF
By Wulf L. D., Sokol J. B.
On condition that constructing nations' fiscal progress isn't really continuously matched through customs regulations fostering integration into the area economic climate, the area Bank's exchange division deals tips at the drafting and implementation of customs modernization tasks. Drawing on classes realized from prior adventure, the instruction manual discusses components helpful for winning customs management reform. the amount is meant to counterpoint Customs Modernization projects (World financial institution, 2004) and the new foreign financial Fund booklet, altering Customs. packing containers spotlight case examples and key concerns. Annotation ©2004 e-book information, Inc., Portland, OR
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Comparisons across countries may indicate the scope of possible improvement, but must be done carefully as many variables do affect the absolute value of these indicators in each country, which are often beyond the control of the customs services. For instance, the economic cost per declaration16 in Albania in 2002 was US$24 compared to US$8 in Bulgaria. This obviously deserves further analysis before concluding that Albania’s customs services are three times less efficient than Bulgaria’s. More significant as an indicator of progress made is that these costs were substantially higher in 2001: US$33 in Albania and US$11 in Bulgaria.
The adherence of each of these stakeholders to the customs reform will determine its success. Any strategy should carefully manage relations with each of these stakeholders, bring them on board, and solicit their support. The success of the reform will stand or fall depending on the cooperation of the staff members or their implicit or explicit rejection of the reforms. They should “own” the reform. Customs staffs are responsible for the daily tasks of managing the trade processes. They receive the import declaration, verify the data provided, decide whether to physically inspect the goods, decide on many of the details that determine the access that exporters have to duty-free importer inputs, and determine the speed with which these operations are undertaken, just to name a few.
However, in the final analysis, the services will only be as good as the staff that provides them. 17 Staffs will tend to buy in to the objectives of the reform if they understand in detail what this means for customs generally and for themselves as individuals. Resistance to change frequently stems from mistrust and uncertainties; thus, staffs need to be brought on board. For example, when introducing risk-based inspections and strengthening post-release audits, it will be crucial to show staffs what this will mean in terms of work processes, training, and so forth.