Download Costly Democracy: Peacebuilding and Democratization after by Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie D. Evenson, PDF
By Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie D. Evenson, Rachel Hayman, Sarah Riese, Nora Roehner
Peacebuilding is an interactive technique that includes collaboration among peacebuilders and the positive elites of a postwar society. whereas probably the most well-known assumptions of the peacebuilding literature asserts that the pursuits of family elites and peacebuilders coincide, Costly Democracy contends that they infrequently align.
It unearths that, whereas household elites in postwar societies may perhaps wish the assets that peacebuilders can carry, they can be much less desirous to undertake democracy, believing that democratic reforms may well endanger their important pursuits. The publication bargains comparative analyses of modern situations of peacebuilding to deepen figuring out of postwar democratization and higher clarify why peacebuilding missions usually carry peace—but seldom democracy—to war-torn international locations.
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Extra resources for Costly Democracy: Peacebuilding and Democratization after War
Such experiences do not inspire enthusiasm for democratization. 9 This is because democratization opens up the “political space in the area of political competition (elections), and freedom of expression (media), as well as reforms of the security sector that are crucial to democratization. ”10 It is also true that, once a regime has survived this transition and enjoys a consolidated democracy, prospects for future violence are reduced. 12 Because poverty is a defining characteristic of most postwar countries, it is not surprising that their leaders associate democratization with security risks.
War Variables and Peace There is a sizable literature on a wide range of war-related variables and their effects on the duration of peace, including the war itself as well as its conclu- The Legacy of War 37 sion. Features of the war include the intensity and duration of the war, the number of hostile factions, and whether the war was based on identity issues. Relevant characteristics of war termination include whether the war ended through military victory or negotiations, the degree of power-sharing envisaged in the peace settlement, and whether a credible third-party guarantor is available to oversee the peace.
Peacebuilders may soften their demands for stringent reform out of fear that this will provoke secondary elites and put their partners at risk. The crucial insight that this simple model offers is that the trajectory of a peacebuilding process (and thus a democratic outcome) is determined by the interaction of domestic political actors and peacebuilders. This interaction, in turn, is shaped by player preferences as well as the resources and capacities that each player brings to the table. A cooperative peacebuilding process leading to democracy is most likely when peacebuilders exert a high degree of leverage over domestic political actors and when domestic political actors perceive the costs of prescribed reforms to be low.