Download Continuity and Change in the Development of Russell’s by Paul J. Hager (auth.) PDF

By Paul J. Hager (auth.)

The normal view of Russell's paintings among philosophers has been that repeat­ edly, in the course of his lengthy and exceptional profession, the most important alterations of brain on enjoyable­ damental issues have been major adequate to reason him to successively undertake a variety of noticeably new philosophical positions. hence Russell is obvious to have embraced after which deserted, among others, neo-Hegelianism, Platonic re­ alism, phenomenalism and logical atomism, ahead of settling eventually on a kind of impartial monism that philosophers have more often than not came upon to be brilliant. This view of Russell is captured in C. D. Broad's recognized comment that "Mr. Russell seasoned­ duces a unique approach of philosophy each few years . . . " (Muirhead, 1924: 79). Reflecting this photo of Russell regularly altering his place, books and papers on Russell's philosophy have more often than not belonged to 1 of 2 varieties. both they've got focused on specific classes of his notion which are taken to be specially major, or, accepting the view of his successive conversion to dis­ tinctly assorted philosophical positions, they've got supplied a few account of every of those supposedly disconnected sessions of his inspiration. whereas a lot strong paintings has been performed on Russell's philosophy, this framework has had its barriers, the most one being that it conceals the elemental continuity at the back of his thought.

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Example text

The appearance of contradiction is dispelled by noting two points. Firstly, there are, as we have already found, two halves to Russellian analysis, viz. logical analysis and logical synthesis. Analysis starts at the results and moves to the premisses, a movement Russell often refers to as the inductive order or "order of knowledge'? since this is the direction historically of knowledge advance. Synthesis, of course, starts at the premisses and moves by deduction to the results thereby embodying the deductive or logical order.

The desk of the metaphysics of common sense is inferred uncritically from the initial set of common sense propositions. e. it doesn't exist. 2 If it doesn't exist, a fortiori it cannot be analysed into parts. Of course, this nonexistence of the common sense desk doesn't falsify any observations made by the supporters of common sense. Rather, Russell will substitute something else for the desk, the substitute being equally compatible with any observations, but having tightly argued theoretical support of a kind that the common sense view lacks.

Russell's view is emphatically not one that has the physical desk of the metaphysics of common sense analysed into smaller parts and then resynthesised (say) as a swarm of sub-atomic particles (PLA: 161). ) Instead ontological analysis is an indirect outcome of the analysis of propositions. Whereas analysis of propositions in the analysis diagram is represented by the two vertical arrows in the left hand half, analysis of ontological objects occurs via the horizontal inference arrows between the two halves of the diagram.

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