Download Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive by John A. Robertson PDF

By John A. Robertson

Cloning, genetic screening, embryo freezing, in vitro fertilization, Norplant, RU486--these are the applied sciences revolutionizing our reproductive panorama. in the course of the lens of procreative liberty--meaning either the liberty to choose even if to have childrens in addition to the liberty to manage one's reproductive capacity--John Robertson, a number one felony bioethicist, analyzes the moral, felony, and social controversies surrounding every one significant know-how and opens up a mess of interesting questions: Do frozen embryos have the precise to be born? should still mom and dad be allowed to choose offspring characteristics? could a central authority strength welfare recipients to take contraceptives? Robertson's arguments research the wide variety of outcomes of every reproductive expertise and gives a well timed, multifaceted research of the competing pursuits at stake for sufferers, undefined, medical professionals, policymakers, attorneys, and ethicists.

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Additional resources for Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies

Example text

With coital reproduction, such costs might arise if there were severe overpopulation, if the persons reproducing were unfit parents, if reproduction would harm offspring, or if significant medical or social costs were imposed on others. Because the United States does not face the severe overpopulation of some countries, the main grounds for claiming that reproduction is irresponsible is where the person(s) reproducing lack the financial means to raise offspring or will otherwise harm their children.

This importance makes the liberty to procreate an important moral right, both for an ethic of individual autonomy and for ethics of community or family that view the purpose of marriage and sexual union as the reproduction and rearing of offspring. Because of this importance, the right to reproduce is widely recognized as a prima facie moral right that cannot be limited except for very good reason. Recognition of the primacy of procreation does not mean that all reproduction is morally blameless, much less that reproduction is always responsible and praiseworthy and can never be limited.

To resolve those conflicts, the separate elements that comprise the interest in avoiding reproduction must be analyzed and evaluated against the competing interests affected by those technologies. THE FREEDOM TO PROCREATE In addition to freedom to avoid procreation, procreative liberty also includes the freedom to procreate—the freedom to beget and bear children if one chooses. As with avoiding reproduction, the right to reproduce is a negative right against public or private interference, not a positive right to the services or the resources needed to reproduce.

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