Download Between History and Method: Disputes about the Rationality by Stefan Amsterdamski (auth.) PDF

By Stefan Amsterdamski (auth.)

In this ebook i've got attempted to increase extra the guidelines expressed in my earlier paintings, among adventure and Metaphysics, which used to be released within the related sequence in 1975. a number of years have handed because the unique Polish version (and then 1 the Italian translation) of this ebook seemed. the truth that the relevant principles expressed in it have withstood, as I see it, the brunt of feedback, has led me to stay primarily with the unique textual content. major alterations have, even if, been brought. First, i've got additional an Appendix containing the unique model of a paper I provided on the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin in June 1988 and a quick postscript to that paper bearing on reviews made in the course of dis­ cussions on the Kolleg. enable me in brief clarify the cause of this addition. lately the panorama for ancient and philosophical in­ terpretation of the evolution of clinical wisdom has altered. The most powerful of the hot contenders for epistemological reputation are social constructivists, who learn intimately how wisdom is produced inside of particular social settings, together with the tools and tactics of par­ ticular laboratories and the industrial and political realities of specific clinical groups. The neighborhood personality of those experiences increases the query of whether or not they can ever offer generalizable epistemological claims.

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Extra info for Between History and Method: Disputes about the Rationality of Science

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What do I understand by meaning? It is a specific aroma caught by consciousness when it tastes a combination of elements none of which taken separately would exude such an aroma. 18 And so, one can oppose to the expressive theory of culture its systemic formulation, in an approach according to which the meaning of a sign is defined by its place in a system of relations which can be grasped from the outside, objectively, through the investigation of the structure of such a system. The fact that social phenomena are meaningful by no means implies that these meanings have to be interpreted psychologically or that they can only be revealed by means of hermeneutic methods.

Is not historically invariant. Accordingly, whenever we treat methodological rules and the criteria based on these rules as universally valid, we absolutize the ideal from which they are derived and we cease to perceive the fact that this ideal (or the intuitive idea of a goal) is neither eternal nor the only one possible. We cease to treat it as a historical fact, the result of a particular stage of cultural development, and we present it as a necessity of reason. Such a formulation conceals an evaluative judgment of the definite (but by no means the only possible) form which science assumes currently.

Such an understanding cannot be provided by explanations which do not treat the events and processes as fully concrete. Thus the argument that the model of explanation by law is unsatisfactory, since it cannot explain events in their particularity, is based on an ideal of scientific knowledge that is different from the ideal on the basis of which the 32 CHAPTER II covering-law model was developed. The situation is similar in the case of other arguments directed against this model. 3. " 4 By the same token, the nomological model cannot provide an adequate account of what the explanatory procedures should be either in science or in everyday life.

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