Download Army Distance Learning: Potential for Reducing Shortages in by John D. Winkler, Henry A. Leonard, Michael Shanley PDF

By John D. Winkler, Henry A. Leonard, Michael Shanley

This file examines ways that distance studying might help the military extra speedy alleviate lively part manpower shortages in understrength army occupations. The research unearths that distance studying can let quicker of entirety of reclassification education, quicker of completion improvement classes, and extra effective types of ability education, counting on the character of the path fabrics chosen for guideline through distance studying. The research addresses the prices and advantages of those power adjustments in addition to capability implementation difficulties which may increase bills or lessen advantages.

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Extra info for Army Distance Learning: Potential for Reducing Shortages in Army Enlisted Occupations

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With this view, it is not surprising that there has been a lack of sustained research interest in the ‘unofficial world of [student] peer culture’ (Cazden 1986:451), that is, what schoolchildren do and say while not under the direct guidance or gaze of a teacher. g. g. Cox 1988; Cree and Donaldson 1996; Gumperz and Field 1995; Lyle 1996; Smith 1988). However, many of these, as well as other studies from across the K-12 range, have focused on assessing whether features of student-student interaction have a positive effect on learning outcomes and achievements rather than on the processes of interaction themselves (see for example, Calkins 1983; Cazden 1986, 1988; Haas-Dyson 1991; Emans and Fox 1973; Finney 1991; Fleer 1992; Johnson and Johnson 1992; Lawlor 1974; Sharan and Sharan 1992; Webb 1982; Weeks 1990).

However, the bulk of classroom research has focused on teacher-student interaction in a whole class setting. As a consequence, student-student interaction has been a relatively neglected area of research (Cazden 1986, 1988; Johnson 1981; Mehan 1979; Speier 1976). The relative scarcity of investigations into student-student interaction has been attributed to difficulties in collecting data (Corsaro 1981; Webb 1982), and to Rethinking schooling and classrooms 29 the propensity for researchers to go no further than to categorize student-student interaction as ‘off-task’ (Alton-Lee et al.

Students’ precompetence is demonstrated in the very nature of the materials they are given to read, the conversations that take place around those materials, the nature of the writing tasks they are given, their writing and the teacher’s assessment of that writing as ‘the writing of precompetent writers’. Students are a group, that is, a cohort. Being ‘cohorted’ has been shown to be another attribute of students constituted in whole class talk in classrooms (Baker and Perrott 1988; Breen 1985; Breen et al.

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